Author name: Alee Qureshi

IHC Seeks lawandpolicychambers

IHC seeks reply in plea making PCATPโ€™s election result in question

After preliminary hearing of a plea seeking court directives to set aside election results of Pakistan Council of Architects and Town Planners (PCATP), the Islamabad High Court (IHC) issued notices to respondents in the matter. A single-member bench of the Islamabad High Court comprising Justice Babar Sattar issued a detailed order in the matter in response to plea filed by Advocates Umer Ijaz Gilani and Jehanzeb Durrani on behalf of Arch. Jehangir Khan Sherpao, Arch. Azhar M. Sualehi, Arch. Farmanullah Khan and Arch. Husnain Raza Khan. Copy of the order available with TLTP denoting, โ€œLet notices be issued to the respondents for May 09, 2023, who will file report and para-wise comments within a period of ten daysโ€,. The petitioners alleged that incumbent Chairman of PCATP Arif Changezi stole the elections. Substantiating their allegations the petitioners submitted that Changezi has declared himself as a victor in hastily manner, adding even though the credibility of elections was shattered because of hackersโ€™ attack on the online voting system. During the proceedings, a report of an IT company was submitted before the court as the company was entrusted with carrying out online elections. It has been disclosed in the report that the IT company plainly admitted: โ€œwe witnessed an attack on our voting system at around 02:00am on 7th March, 2023. As a result of this attack, our voting result was manipulatedโ€ฆ we cannot certify the resultโ€. Counsel for the Petitioners informed the Court that after receiving this report, two members of the Election Committee patently rejected the election results. The Committeeโ€™s Convenor, also did not fully endorse the results and wrote that โ€œreport of Conusltant IT be attached and shared with contestants and uploaded on the websiteโ€. Only 2 out of 5 members endorse the result. Counsel for the Petitioner submitted that if such an Election Committee report were placed before a fair and unbiased Chairman, he would have called for re-polling and an FIA investigation into the hacking. The incumbent Chairman did neither; instead, he proceeded to issue a notification declaring himself the victor of the elections. The petitioners have also asserted that the impugned victory notification fails to meet the pre-requisites laid down in the said provision. Bye-law 43 envisages a step-by-step process of scrutiny of votes, resolution of objections and certifications of results. Nothing of the sort happened. After hearing preliminary arguments of counsel for the petitioners, Justice Babar Sattar admitted the petitioner for regular hearing and issued notices to respondents which include Election Committee, Registrarย  PCATP, Secretary Housing and Works, the IT Company, FIA and the persons declared as winners of the flawed elections. Comments are to be filed within ten days. In his preliminary order, Justice Babar Sattar has recorded the petitionerโ€™s contentions in detail. He has noted that Counsel for the Petitioners stated: โ€œthat the notification is a consequence of the election, which does not reflect the vote of the members as many of the members could not vote due to the hacking of the system. He further states that the act of directing that the notification be issued despite the divided opinion of the Election Committee is malafide as the Chairman of respondent No.1 was conflicted in the matter given that he was himself contested the election and according to the results as declared had been elected as Chairman once again. He states that fairness demanded that an investigation be sought into the hacking by the Federal Investigation Agency alongwith ordering a re-poll to ensure that the election was carried in a transparent manner and produced result that had sanctityโ€ฆโ€ Courtesy of TLTP News:

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Federal-Public-Service-Commission-FPSC lawandpolicychambers

IHC suspends FPSC advertisement operation till May 25

Issuing notices to the secretary cabinet and others, Islamabad High Court has suspended the job procurement process in response to advertisement of Federal Public Service Commission where Balochistan quota has not been mentioned.ย  On March 30,ย  Advocate Bebarg Sattar Baloch invoked the jurisdiction of the Islamabad High Court (IHC) on behalf of petitioner Habib Kareem Baloch urging the court to set aside the advertisement of Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) on the grounds of the unavailability of Balochistanโ€™s quota. After the preliminary hearing of the plea of the aggrieved challenging the impugned advertisement, a single-member bench of the IHC comprising Babar Sattar issued notices to respondents including Secretary Cabinet Division. Given that the question involves the interpretation of the Constitution and the law, a notice was also issued to the office of the Attorney General. Meanwhile, the procurement of job applications and their processing for purposes of the impugned advertisement was suspended by the Honโ€™ble High Court Court till the next date of hearing. โ€œIn the absence of any vacancy/vacancies for openย  merit, the petitioner is bereft of the opportunity. Effectively, this amounts to a permanent blockage of the Right of Employment for the people of Balochistan and is a clear violation of the petitionerโ€™s constitutional rights and amounts to discrimination. Hence, the instant Writ Petition, urging the Honโ€™ble Court to set aside the Impugned Advertisement and direct the respondents to ensure equal opportunity for the Province of Balochistan in all future advertisementsโ€, Advocate Bebarg Sattar Baloch submitted . Advocate Bebarg submitted saying the FPSC has advertised a total of nine posts of Additional Deputy District Prosecutor (BS-17) vide its Consolidated Advertisement No. 3/23 dated 03-03-2023. However, no quota has been allocated for the province of Balochistan, despite the allotted quota for all other provinces including Islamabad. The counsel informed the court that the petitioner has sent a representation to Secretary Ministry of Interior with a plea to withdraw the impugned notification and re-advertisement for the post of Assistant Deputy District Prosecutor (BS-17) in the proper, legal manner. The counsel apprised the bench that no response to the representation has been received to date, adding. โ€œSo, left with no other remedy, the petitioner knocks on the doors of this Honโ€™ble Court so that the people of Balochistan may be treated at par with the people of all the other provinces โ€“ as is promised in the Constitutionโ€. He further argued that the impugned advertisement being non-transparent, discriminatory and unjust is also in violation of the rules regarding regional/provincial quota prescribed in Sl. No. 1, PART-E of the Civil Servants (Appointment, Promotion & Transfer) Rules 1973, which allocates 6% quota in Federal Service jobs for Balochistan. After brief hearing of the matter, the bench issued notices to respondents suspending procurement of job applications and their processing for purposes of the impugned advertisement till the next date of hearing. Courtesy of TLTP News:

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IHC lawandpolicychambers

IHC seeks reply from ECP on JI petition

The Islamabad High Court on Wednesday sought replies from Election Commission of Pakistan and others in response to plea of Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) candidate for Chairman Union Council 8, Safari Park, TMC Safoora Karachi. ( IHC seeks reply from ECP on JI petition ) Rashid Manan Azmi, the JI candidate for Chairman UC 8, TMC Safoora, has filed a petition in IHC alleging that his victory was turned into defeat through a rigged recount. Advocate Umer Ijaz Gilani appeared before a single-member bench comprising Justice Miangul Hassan Aurangzeb in the matter saying earlier the petitioner had approached the ECP. However, when the ECP passed a non-speaking order in response to his application, he was left with no recourse but to resort to the High Court. Advocate Gilani apprised the bench that the petitioner had initially secured as many as 2153 votes which was 27 more than the runner up candidate belonging toย  the Pakistan Tehreek e Insaf (PTI). He further said that a recount was carried out in which the JI candidate lost 72 votes while the PTI candidate lost none.ย โ€œInstead, he actually gained 2 votes. When the petitioner inquired from the RO about why so many of his votes were discarded, he was told that his votes had not been stamped by the Presiding Officersโ€, Gilani contended. Arguing before the Islamabad High Court, the counsel asked: how is it possible that only the votes of the Jamate Islami candidate were not stamped by the Presiding Officer, while the votes of all other candidates were duly stamped? This strongly suggests that votes were tampered with during the recount. Petitioner had approached the Election Commission but the ECP passed a mechanical order which does not even mention the facts of this case. The petitioner claims that Article 218 (3) of the Constitution has been violated as under the said Article the Commission is under an obligation to โ€œcompletely and fullyโ€ discharge its mandate and that in this instance the Commission did not pay heed to their constitutional responsibility. An interesting argument made by the petitioner relies on the apprehension that the outcome and nature of the recount in the first place may set a precedent for any losing candidates in the future to easily set aside the natural, systemic and legal procedure and outcome of polls in any constituency whatsoever through post-poll rigging. After hearing preliminary arguments of counsel, Justice Miangul admitted the petition for regular hearing and sought reply from the Election Commission and other respondents. Courtesy of TLTP: Visit More Lawandpolicychambers Blogs

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by Umer Gilani, Muhammad Alee & Sajjad Hameed Yusufzai Earlier this week, on 24th October, 2022, the Judicial Commission of Pakistan approved the appointment of three new judges to the bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. Although the general public does not have any constitutionally sanctioned role in the appointment of Supreme Court judges, the representatives of the people do. The Federal Law Minister and the Attorney General of Pakistan get a chance to vote in the Judicial Commission of Pakistan; and the bi-partisan and bicameral Parliamentary Committee set up under Article 175 of the Constitution gets to vet the appointments proposed by the Judicial Commission. Since Pakistan is a democracy, in terms of constitutional theory at least, there is a case to be made in favor of sharing more information about judges of the apex court with the public. Such transparency can help increase the confidence of the citizens in the institutions concerned. This is something that should ideally be done before the nominations are made, and by those who propose the same. However, since the relevant decision-makers never share any information about judicial nominees with the public, the authors, in this article, have made a humble attempt to share the same with the reading public. We have gathered the information shared in this article through whatever was available in the public domain; in case of any factual inaccuracies, we would be happy to be corrected.   Justice Athar Minallah Out of the three judges nominated by the Judicial Commission yesterday, Justice Minallah is by far the most widely known person both within the legal community and the general public. Once appointed, he is likely to remain on the Supreme Courtโ€™s bench for approximately four years. Born in 1961, he comes from a prominent and widely respected family. His father was a senior civil servant who rose to the highest possible rank in civil service: Chief Secretary. His mother was a prominent social worker all her life who also ran for elected office. After graduating from University of Cambridge, Justice Minallah initially joined the civil service and worked in the Customs Department. Soon, however, he resigned and joined the legal profession. Together with Syed Mansoor Ali Shah and Yahya Afridi, he set up a law firm โ€˜Afridi, Shah and Minallahโ€™, which became one of Pakistan’s most successful commercial law firms at the time. Justice Minallah’s prominence as a lawyer reached its peak as he spearheaded the defence of the then Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhary who had been deposed by General Musharraf. Justice Minallah was elevated as a judge of Islamabad High Court on 17.06.2014 during the tenure of former Chief Justice Tassaduq Hussain Jillani. He remained an unconfirmed judge for 2 years, an ordinately long period for a person who enjoyed a reputation for academic excellence. He was finally confirmed in May 2016, during the tenure of Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali. Within about two of getting confirmed as a judge, on 28.11.2018, he became Chief Justice of the Islamabad High Court, an office he held for almost four years. In his 8-year tenure as a judge, Justice Minallah decided thousands of cases and has authored more than a hundred reported judgments. In a relatively short period, because of his bold and fearless judgments, he became know in all the various provinces of the country. By now, he is probably become the most widely known member of the countryโ€™s judiciary. In the lay public, his fame and visibility are comparable only to that attained by former Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhary, in the period after the Lawyersโ€™ Movement. His principal expertise is in the field of Pakistani constitutional law and fiscal laws. His most prominent judicial contributions include the following: Missing Persons Cases. Starting with the case of Mahera Sajid versus SHO PS Shalimar & Others (2018 CLC 1858 Islamabad), Justice Minallah has authored a series of judgments which dwell upon the constitutional responsibility of various state functionaries for committing and conniving in the crime of enforced disappearance. In the process, he had revived the once-forgotten judicial precedents related to constitutional torts.   Naval Farms Case. In his judgment in the โ€˜Naval Farms Caseโ€™, Zeenat Salim versus Pakistan Naval Farms etc. (PLD 2022 Islamabad 138), Justice Minallah has resurrected with full force the doctrine of โ€œenumerated powersโ€, one of the most basis doctrines of modern constitutionalism. He pointed out that since the statutes governing the three-Armed Forces of Pakistan do not empower them to engage in business enterprise, and since statutory bodies can only exercise enumerated powers, the entire business empire built by the military establishment is devoid of legal foundations. This principle can have serious long-term implications for the future development of Pakistani state institutions.   White Collar Crime cases. Justice Minallah remained consistently in favor of providing due process rights to accused persons. He granted bail to numerous persons accused of white-collar crime on the simple and logical ground that the object of the law is to imprison convicts, not accused persons. Perhaps the two most important judgments in this regard are reported as Amjad Mustafa Malik versus DG NAB (PLD 2021 Islamabad 266) and Sheikh Imran ul Haq versus Federation of Pakistan (PLD 2020 Islamabad 177). Since a number of persons who obtained bail on by relying on this rightsโ€™ conscious jurisprudence were political workers and journalist, these judgments often drew the ire of opposing political forces.   Digital Rights. A number of judgments in the field of digital rights won Justice Minallah worldwide fame. In 2018, in a judgment reported as CM Pak Limited versus PTA (PLD 2018 Islamabad 243), he allowed a number of petitions against telecom shutdowns and restrained the government from shutting down telecom signals, except when there was a proclamation of emergency in the country.[1] Later that year, he also passed an order restraining PTA from arbitrarily blocking websites.[2] Amongst other, the Columbia Universityโ€™s Global Freedom of Expression Initiative hailed judgments as advancements.   Citizenship Matters. Justice Minallah has authored



by Muhammad Alee The issues that plague the legal system of Pakistan are no secret; rather, the struggle is in the search for its cure. According to a former Judge of the August Supreme Court, the average civil trial has a lifespan of 25 years, meaning thereby that a litigant must knock the doors of the entire hierarchical structure of the civil justice system to decide a moderately complex civil dispute in Pakistan โ€“ to say nothing of expecting such disposal to venture into the realm of justice. Effectively, a third of a lifetime is spend on a single civil dispute, all the way from the civil courts (โ€˜Katcheriโ€™) to the Honโ€™ble Supreme Court of Pakistan.   It is therefore logical that one of Pakistanโ€™s biggest economic woes is this dysfunctional civil justice system, which, on account of its delays and lengthy proceedings, witnesses the dispensation of justice at a snailโ€™s pace. This excessively long duration for the resolution of disputes is an unattractive feature for businesses, and only helps drive away investors, local or foreign.   It is often assumed, incorrectly, that the solution to this issue โ€“ the penultimate fixation of numerous lawyers in the past โ€“ lies in reworking and undoing the current system, and replacing it with a new civil justice system which, having taken into account the innumerable problems, will be a fresh, clean slate and a second chance at putting justice first. This view is mistaken and not just because the results promised are utopian and the task itself daunting. The answer, few would believe (and even fewer still know), already lies within our Civil Procedure.   The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, (hereinafter referred to as โ€œthe CPCโ€) bequeathed to us by the British, is full of remedies. A recent judgment passed by the Supreme Court of Pakistan, which refers to one such remedy, has tremendous significance for resolving the aforementioned problem. While unreported, and largely escaping the attention of the legal community at large (perhaps a causal result of our stilted legal discourse), the judgment signifies the most important step in the right direction: the first one.   The judgment, titled Nausher v. Province of Punjab, etc (CA No. 1011 of 2016), directs its reader to a hidden gem, lost in this era of haste: Order XV of the CPC. The factual controversy in the case related to mutations of the suit property, located in Tehsil Mianchannu, in favor of a deceased individual. The issue as to the veracity of the impugned order in question, alleged by the appellants as lacking force due to insufficient recording of evidence, was settled by the Supreme Court of Pakistan in light of Order XV, holding that the statements of the parties along with the record of prior proceedings of the case are sufficient. Effectively, the Supreme Court held that the legality of an order passed by a Court relying on such documentary evidence as the Judge deems sufficient for adjudication is within the four corners of the law. For the litigant, such adjudication is within the four corners of justice.   Under Order XV, most necessary evidence required to adjudicate the matter can be gathered before the trial even begins. This is possible since Order XV empowers the Civil Judge to dispose the suit based on the record brought before it through pleadings of the parties and such other discovery as is conducted by the judge himself. This procedure is already followed in the High Courts in their Constitutional Jurisdiction. Without recording further evidence on the issues, the High Courts rely on the documents appended with the Petitions and the Replies (and any Applications thereafter) as part of the record, and adjudicate upon the matter without further ado. If the High Courts can dispose cases in such a manner, why not the Civil Courts?   If these pre-trial evidentiary tools are utilized, the need for trials would not arise and disputes could be disposed expeditiously and efficiently. It is pertinent to note that there is nothing new about this finding; it is a discovery, not a creation. Using the tools found within the CPC, one can find multiple solutions which would not only save time and costs, but would also open up Pakistan as an investment option for foreign and local investment based on the protection the civil legal system would provide in the shape of expeditious disposal of cases, should any such controversy arise. The socio-political and economic effects that the functioning of a civil justice system have on a nation are an underappreciated facet of the legal system. A delay in a civil dispute is not just a delay in the adjudication of the rights in question, but rather, the effect of the delay is wide and far-reaching. With this judgment of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, a new hope emerges for the speedy dispensation of civil disputes.   Courtesy of TLTP News


Swindling Small Investors, the legal way!

by Umer Gilani & Muhammad Alee Pakistanโ€™s โ€œrooftop solar communityโ€ is up in arms and the reason behind it is a one-word amendment recently proposed by NEPRA in its own regulations โ€“ to be precise, NEPRA (Alternative & Renewable Energy) Distributed Generation and Net-Metering Regulations, 2015. The proposed amendment will change the price at which utility companies are supposed to buy power produced by rooftop solar power producers. While these excess units were previously supposed to be purchased according to the โ€œaverage power purchase priceโ€, they will now be purchased at the โ€œaverage energy purchase priceโ€, which is much lower. In numerical terms, the rate being offered to rooftop solar producers has been slashed from Rs. 19 to Rs. 9, i.e. the rate has been halved in one go. What seems, initially, like an innocuous one-word change in the rules is actually a drastic re-working of the financial feasibility of the entire rooftop solar power network in Pakistan. Like many other concerned citizens, my colleagues and I attended the public hearing conducted by NEPRA to understand the regulatorโ€™s motive behind this move. From what we could gather, the motive is something akin to โ€œwealth redistributionโ€. Chairman NEPRA argued that since the overall price of electricity in the country has sharply risen in the country, the 20,000 households and industries which had timely invested in rooftop solar are now benefiting considerably from their investment. Therefore, NEPRA feels it is only fair that these investors should now be fleeced a little and the gains should this be re-distributed to those 36 million consumers who have not been able to invest in solar panels. This logic fails on at least three grounds. Firstly, the math is quite ridiculous. According to some estimates rooftop solar generators are selling less than 20Megawatts to the national grid. This is only a tiny fraction of the countryโ€™s power basket. Whether these units are underpriced or over-priced doesnโ€™t make a big difference. It is the tariff being given to the mega-generation companies, the Independent Power Producers (IPPs), which really makes all the difference. It is astonishing that a regulator which has being approving disastrous deals with IPPs over the years has become fixated with squeezing the handful of citizen-investors who took the risk of setting up solar plants in their homes. It is a terrible waste of regulatory time and effort. Secondly, the regulator seems to have forgotten the entire point behind distributed generation and the net-metering system. The entire point behind this system was to avoid the distribution losses and line losses. Unlike mega-power generation plants which are often located hundreds of miles away from the main consumption sites, and which therefore necessitate the dissipation of power during transmission, these little power powers are located right in the middle of the sites where energy is being consumed. To equate the tariff being granted to rooftop with that tariff being given to IPP is to miss the point entirely. Finally, and most significantly, whoever proposed this amendment seems to have turned a blind eye to the legalities of the situation. It is one of the most elementary principles of administrative law in this country that vested rights cannot be taken away from citizens through legislation. This cannot be done through law and it most definitely cannot be done through a tweaking of rules, which are in the nature of delegated legislation. The bigwigs of NEPRA seemed fazed when we mentioned that the proposed amendment amounts to swindling those little investors who had signed up for solar power and obtained licenses under the then-prevailing rules. They now have a legitimate expectation that at least during the currency of the 7-year licenses the state authorities will not be able slash the price of their produce through a tweaking of the rules. The law in this regard is quite clear. It allows very limited powers to the executive in its function as a delegated legislator, restricting such legislation to prospective effect only (PLD 1964 SC 293; PLD 1963 SC 633; 1986 SCMR 1917). The Supreme Court has held that the executive authority cannot exercise its rule-making power (whether such power is to make, amend, vary or rescind) to take away vested rights of the citizens, and any change which is destructive to rights so vested is without lawful authority and of no legal effect (PLD 1970 SC 439). This protection is also extended to revisions or amendments to vested rights by way of notifications (PLD 1969 SC 430; 1986 SCMR 1917) and the Supreme Court has held that contractual obligations cannot be destroyed by retrospectively applying executive orders (1986 SCMR 1917). The truth is that the issue which the rooftop solar community is facing is not entirely peculiar to them. It is a part of the larger โ€œrule of lawโ€ issue in the country. These are a few atomized, disorganized, relatively โ€œsmallโ€ investors. They made the mistake of investing solar power and obtaining licenses for distributed generation upon the belief that the state authorities will honor their commitment. Little did they realize that in Pakistan, state authorities are accustomed to taking U-turns. The government and NEPRA canโ€™t really go back on their word insofar as the IPPs are concerned because the IPPs will take them into international arbitration, an area where Pakistani state authorities have had bitter experience. So, they are not focusing the entire exploitative energies on swindling this ragtag bunch of small investors. It is safe to say that the State has yet again failed to protect the investment of the citizens. The good thing is that unlike in the past, these small citizen-investors are in no mood to be taken for a ride. The tide of discontentment is rising and this was quite visible in the public hearing. If NEPRA doesnโ€™t change course and if the powers-that-be donโ€™t head the cries of the small citizen-investors, this tide of rage might soon find its way to the courts. Who knows what happens next!   Courtesy of The News.

Swindling Small Investors, the legal way!

Jahanzeb Durrani

Jahanzaib Durrani

Jahanzaib Durrani Advocate High Court I have been practicing law in Pakistan for over 10 years now.ย  Early on in my professional career, I had an opportunity to work on the famous case of Reko Dik mines. This is where I experienced the acute shortage of world-class legal expertise in niche areas in the Pakistani market. While there is an abundance of generalist lawyers, there’s a shortage of experts, especially in natural resources law, international investment law and international arbitration. Therefore, after a few years of practicing in a firm of commercial lawyers, I went on to pursue two LLMs: my first LLM wasย  in Oil, Gas, and Mining Law from Nottingham Law School, UK while the second one was in International Financial Law from King’s College London. In 2018, after returning to Pakistan, I set up an independent practice which was focused on civil and corporate commercial matters. I represented various clients before various forums in anti-dumping matters and advised mergers and acquisitions. I also have experience in taxation and construction matters involving FIDIC agreements. I regularly provide legal advise to the Balochistan Board of Investment and Trade. In 2020, in recognition for my expertise and knowledge in natural resources law, the Government of Pakistan appointed me as an Independent Director on the Board of Saindak Metals (Pvt.) Limited. In 2021, I received a similar appointment in Oil and Gas Development Company Limited.ย  Most law firms in Pakistan are based on the brilliance and fame of a single lawyer who tries to dabble in all areas of law. Instead, our aim at Law and Policy Chambers is to create a work environment where different specialists can achieve excellence in their own respective areas of practice.ย  Contact Info Phone: 03330491916 Email: Follow on Facebook Twitter Youtube Linkedin Education * MASTER OF LAWS โ€“ LL.M IN INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL LAW 2017 โ€“ 2018 Kingโ€™s College London, United Kingdom Majors: International Project Finance and Loan Sales, Securitization & Derivatives, Financial Risk, Stability and Regulation, Human Development and the Rule of Law in Transnational Perspective. * MASTER OF LAWS โ€“ LL.M IN OIL, GAS & MINING LAW 2014-2015 Nottingham Law School, United Kingdom Majors: International Investment Law, International Commercial Transactions, And International Crimes and ICC. * BACHELOR OF LAWS โ€“ LL.B (HONS) 2010-2013 University of London (International Program) Areas of Expertise Natural Resources Law 10 years experience in case law Energy Law Corporate Advisory Service Law Recent Cases and Transactions Mining Lease of EL-202 – Chaghi, Balochistan Oil and Gas E&P in Abu Dhabi Reviewed Contractual and Bidding Documents on behalf of OGDCL Training on Anti-Money Laundering Laws for Public Prosecutors Conducted a training on AMLA regime and CFT laws in collaboration with American Bar Association ECP Ought to Act Within the Confines of Law: SC Question of Jurisdiction Shall be Attended First: SC Amendments in the Listed Companies (Code of Corporate Governance) Regulations, 2019 SC Upholds the Legality of Pakistanโ€™s Citizen Portal. Short Order and Note of the SC in NAB Amendment Case The Supreme Court Fins a Counsel 10000 PKR in a Case for Misleading the Court. ECP Ought to Act Within the Confines of Law: SC Question of Jurisdiction Shall be Attended First: SC Amendments in the Listed Companies (Code of Corporate Governance) Regulations, 2019 SC Upholds the Legality of Pakistanโ€™s Citizen Portal. Short Order and Note of the SC in NAB Amendment Case The Supreme Court Fins a Counsel 10000 PKR in a Case for Misleading the Court. Publications New Laws Achievements Toolkit on Anti-Money Laundering & Counter Financial Terrorism in Pakistanย (Published, 2021) Worked on the production of a legal compendium for the National Police Bureau in collaboration with the National Public Safety Commission and the Ministry of Interior, Government of (Published, 2016) Worked on the production of manual to guide the Pakistan Air Force on Targeting in Air Combat Operations during Non-International Armed Conflicts. (Published, 2016) ย  OP-EDS: The Investigative Approach. Published in The Dawn, November 10, Available at: On Averting International Arbitration Disasters. Published in Encore, The News International Februaryย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย  14,ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย  2021ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย  Availableย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย  at:– international- arbitration-disasters Invoking Immunity. Published in The Dawn, February 3, 2021 Available at: The Curious Case of ICJ review Ordinance. Published in The News International, August 01st , 2020 Available at: curious-case-of-icj-review– ordinance COVID19: An Opportunity in Chaos. Published in The Dawn, April 25th, 2020 Available at: chaos Self-defence, Statesโ€™ Silence and the Security Council. Published in The Daily Times, January 15th, 2020 Available at: defence-states-silence-and-the– security-council/ Do Kashmiris Have a Legal Right to Armed-Resistance? Published in The Daily Times, September 19th, 2019 Available at: kashmiris-have-a-legal-right-to– armed-resistance/ Financial Transparency in Extractive Sector. Published in The Express Tribune, May 14th, 2019 Available at: transparency-extractive-sector/ Special Economic Zones and Independent Jurisdictions. Published in The Express Tribune, April 14th, 2019. Available at: sezs-independent-jurisdictions/ Socio-Legal Imperatives For CPEC. Published in The Express Tribune on 7th October Available at: imperatives-cpec/ Why was consular access denied to Kulbushan Jadhav? Published in The Express Tribune on 21st April 2017. Available at: jadhav CSI: Battlefield. Published in The News International on 17th January 2016. Available at: He an thing rapid these after going drawn or. Timed she his law the spoil round defer. In surprise concerns informed betrayed he learning is ye. Ignorant formerly so ye blessing. He as spoke avoid given downs money on we. Of properly carriage shutters ye as wandered up repeated moreover. Inquietude attachment if ye an solicitude to. Remaining so continued concealed as knowledge happiness. Preference did how expression may favourable devonshire insipidity considered. An length design regret an hardly barton mr figure.In surprise concerns informed betrayed he learning is ye. In surprise concerns informed betrayed he learning is ye. Ignorant formerly so ye blessing. He as spoke avoid given downs money on we. Of properly carriage shutters ye as wandered up repeated moreover. Inquietude attachment if ye an solicitude to. Remaining so continued concealed as knowledge happiness. Preference did how expression may favourable devonshire

Jahanzaib Durrani

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